Thursday, July 18, 2019

The Unsolved Murder of Wayne Hale, 1905

Perhaps one of Porter County's most curious murder cases took place on the night of August 29, 1905, when Wayne Hale was allegedly "lured" from his home by a visitor late in the evening.

Hale's body was discovered in a ditch by a railroad section foreman near Ludolph Crossing, where present day County Road 375 West crossed the New York, Chicago & St. Louis Railroad, more commonly referred to as the Nickel Plate Road (SE¼ of NW¼ of SW¼ of Section 8 in Union Township). Coincidentally, the horrendous Long-Page murders took place near the same location in 1867.

Willis Wayne Hale was born in Kentucky on May 29, 1870, the son of Willis Hale and Martha Mahala (Gibson) Hale. In 1892, Wayne married Jessie Margaret Kelley. Little is known of Jessie's early life. She was born in Porter County on October 22, 1875, the daughter of James and Etta Kelley. The 1880 Federal Census indicates that she was residing in Valparaiso with her family, her father James being employed as a laborer.

Photograph of Willis Wayne Hale.
Source: The Muncie Sunday Star, October 22, 1905.

The following newspaper item appeared on the front page of the August 31, 1905, issue of The Chesterton Tribune:
Wayne Hale Struck Down by a Midnight Assassin.
Valparaiso Messenger.

With his throat slashed from ear to ear, his arms bearing deep wounds and other cuts in different places, showing evidence of a terrible struggle, the lifeless body of Wayne Hale was found in a lonely gully about five miles west of Valparaiso early Tuesday morning.

The place where the bloody remains lay is about 20 feet south of the Nickel Plate tracks where the Wheeler road crosses the railway. A few blocks south is Pierce's Mill, a spot familiar to almost every citizen.

The unfortunate victim was struck down by the hand of an unknown assassin sometime between 12 and 1 o'clock Tuesday morning. The weapon with which the deed was accomplished was a razor. The nature of the wounds reveals this fact plainly. The handle of the instrument was found near the body, together with a loaded revolver which was evidently used as a club by the murderer, he perhaps, fearing to shoot his victim because of the danger of arousing the farmers of the neighborhood.

The throat of the murdered man was a sickening sight to look upon. Six or seven gashes had been made, any one of them being sufficient to cause death. Both elbows contained deep cuts, received while Hale was attempting to ward off the murderous attack.

Tuesday morning shortly after the midnight hour a knock was heard at the door of Hale's house, who was employed as a section hand on the Nickel Plate road and lived north of the wagon road, about a mile this side of Wheeler overhead bridge. Hale arose and admitted the visitor, who was given a chair. The conversation which followed between the two men can only be indefinitely stated, for the only other occupant of the house who arose when Hale did, was the little daughter, twelve years of age, and she but imperfectly remembers the appearance of the man and what he said to her father. As related by her the stranger wished her father to show him the way to the home of a Polish farmer, who lived about two miles distant. Hale did not want to go, but the stranger insisted and offered to pay him well for his trouble. Finally Hales finished dressing and accompanied the man out into the darkness.

This was the last seen of him until the remains were found about 7 o'clock Tuesday morning by section men employed on the Nickel Plate road and people residing in that vicinity.

When her husband did not return Mrs. Hale became much alarmed, but thinking he might return at any minute and fearing to venture out into the night, she postponed giving the alarm until daylight.

The who ghastly affair is shrouded in mystery. What the motive of the perpetrator of the crime was cannot be guessed. It was not robbery, for Hale had no money on his person, and that theory is untenable for other obvious reasons. The murder must have been committed through revenge or else Hale possessed some secret that his assailant did not want him to reveal. The belief that revenge may have been the impelling force is supported somewhat by an incident that took place not long ago. Hale had suffered a broken collar bone from a fall from a bicycle, since which accident he had not completely recovered and when a certain man heard of it he remarked that "it was too ----- damn bad that he didn't break his neck."

The remains were brought to Stinchfield & Peters undertaking parlors in this city and the officers immediately began work on the case.

Hale was 35 years old and leaves a wife and four children, the oldest being the little girl who was a witness to the tragic midnight interview which resulted so terribly for the family. About a year ago the deceased lived in this city, working on the Pennsylvania railroad. He resided for a time over the "Double Deck" saloon and also in Meeker property on Campbell St.

The deceased was a member of the Modern Woodmen lodge of this city. The Woodmen will have charge of the funeral.

Mrs. Hale is a daughter of John Kelly, of near Boone Grove, and is a sister of Mrs. John Furguson, of this city, and Mrs. George Stevens, west of town.


Many sensational stories are afloat this afternoon, but at 3:45 Coroner Carson stated that there have been no developments that would yet warrant the fastening of suspicion on any one. The Coroner, Sheriff Green and Deputy Sheriff Wood are hard at work, and it is hoped their labors will prove fruitful before many hours have lapsed.

A Messenger reporter visited the scene of the tragedy Tuesday afternoon returning at 4 o'clock. While there he picked up a heavy iron bolt about two feet long which had blood on it. It was found close to the place where the body was discovered. This may account for a scalp wound which was found on the deceased. In a talk with the dead man's family it was learned that the stranger who called at the house was of medium height and talked poor English. All the neighbors said that Hale had quarreled a couple of times with an Italian who lived in the vicinity.

Photograph of Jessie Margaret (Kelley) Hale.
Source: The Muncie Sunday Star, October 22, 1905.

The newspaper column transcribed above mentions that Wayne left behind four children. The eldest of these offspring was twelve year old Maude Ethel Hale, who was born July 28, 1894, at Modesto, Macoupin County, Illinois. Manning "Mannie" Hale was born September 1897 in Illinois. Another son, Glen C. Hale, was born in 1902. Jessie Hale, named after her mother, was born in late summer of 1905 just prior to her father's murder.

A week later, on September 7, 1905, another column concerning Hale's demise was published in The Chesterton Tribune. A more detailed account of the midnight meeting of Hale and a stranger shed considerable light on a possible suspect, Paul Govinne; note that Govinne's surname was often misspelled as Govine.
Still Remains an Impenetrable Mystery to the County Officials.
The Finger of Suspicion Points Strongly to Paul Govine, an Italian, Who Lived in the Hale Home for Two Years.
This Man Has Completely Disappeared from all of His Old Haunts Since the Crime Was Committed.

Sheriff Green last Friday offered a reward of $200 on his own account for the apprehension of the murderer or murderers of Wayne Hale, whose body was found on the morning of Aug. 29 at the Ludolph crossing, two miles east of Wheeler.

Last Friday he placed Mrs. Hale and her baby, five months old, into his home in the jail, and John Ferguson has two of the children, and Taylor Chester has the oldest girl. The family now are practically destitute, although the widow will soon get $1,000 insurance from the Modern Woodmen. Mrs. Hale is not under arrest, although she will be kept under surveillance until a number of clews are run down.

Her story is that on the night of Aug. 28, after 12 and before one o'clock a man came to the house. She and the little girl slept upstairs and Hale slept downstairs. Her husband called her to bring a light down so he could lave his shoes. She brought the light and saw a man sitting in the doorway. She remained in the room until he went away with her husband. The stranger talked very broken, either Polish or Italian, and kept his hat pulled down over his eyes. She says the man wanted Hale to show him where a Polander lived, who lived about a miles east. Hale offered to show him, but the stranger said he wanted Hale to go along, that he did not want to get into the wrong house, and was willing to pay Hale $2 for his trouble. Hale finally consented and went away with the stranger. Mrs. Hale says she and the twelve year old girl sat up until 2 o'clock, when she heard some one go by singing. She says she thought it was her husband and somebody else out having a good time, so she dozed off to sleep a couple of times, and at 5 o'clock she went over to Charles Haman's, a neighbor, and asked him if he had seen Hale. She then told him the circumstances of the night. Haman sent his brother, Bennie, on a horse to the Polander's to see if the two men had been there. He came back saying he had been to all the Polanders in the neighborhood, and the men had been to none of their houses. About 7 o'clock, the section foreman on the Pennsylvania road came and told Haman that he had found Hale dead at the crossing and asked Haman to tell his wife. When Mrs. Hale received this information, she exclaimed "My God, that tramp killed him."

About two years ago an Italian by name of Paul Govine began boarding in the Hale home. He was there until about three weeks before the murder, when he left. Mrs. Hale says the Italian and her husband worked together on the section and were very friendly until Govine left, when they had a fight. She says that Hale told Govine that he was going away from home to work and that he did not want him to hang around the house, that people would talk about it. Govine put out a garden and Hale would not let him have it. Mrs. Hale says the Italian left bitter, and other people say he threatened to kill Hale. Between the time Govine left and the time of the murder, Govine came back twice to the Hale home and worked in his garden, always coming on a Wednesday. Mrs. Hale admits talking with Govine when he came back, and says she always had a friendly feeling for him. She says the man who came to the house that fatal night was not the Italian, Govine.

The murder evidently was done for revenge. Not being satisfied with killing the man, the murderer tried to cut the head from the body. Indications are that the murderer was frightened away and was prevented from carrying out the plans. A loaded revolver was left lying on the ground and a broken razor handle of Italian make. A creek was about 300 feet from where the body lay, and Hale could have been dragged to it and hidden very easily. The ground was covered with blood for about 30 feet, and even the weeds on the railroad bank were splattered. Everything pointed to a terrific struggle. Hale and the man who lured him away were tracked from the house to the spot where the murder was committed, and there it looked as though Hale had been shoved into the ditch where another party lay in ambush, and slashed him with a razor or struck him with a club. On account of the nature of the ground it was impossible to find any footprints on the railroad tracks. The theory is that Hale was lured to the spot by a friend of Govine's and murdered by Govine and this friend.

Govine's description is, 5 feet, 4 inches tall, weight about 135 lbs., middling dark complexion but not as dark as the average Italian, heavy black mustache, very heavy, long and curly black hair, always kept well combed, and which he took great pride in. Thought to have been highly educated and come from nobility of Italy as he always held aloof from other Italians and felt above them. About 26 years old. When not working, always well dressed in late fashion American made clothes. Always wore white felt hat with black band around it. Talks fairly good English.

The Polander arrested Friday afternoon, taken on suspicion as being connected with the Hale murder was released from jail by Sheriff Green Monday morning. The prisoner was put through the "sweat box" and the officers were fully convinced that he knew nothing concerning the tragedy.

Sheriff Green received word from Sheriff Daugherty of Lake county that two white men and a negro were arrested at Whiting and taken to the Crown Point jail for safe keeping. The authorities here thought they might be the last two that were seen in the neighborhood the day following the murder. Upon investigation they were not the men.
On September 11, 1905, the Porter County Council voted to appropriate $400 of county funds to be expended in 1905 for purposes directly associated with the murder of Wayne Hale. A $200 award was to be provided "for the apprehension and conviction" of Hale's murder, while the remaining $200 was to be used to pay for expenses of the officers "in the pursuance and apprehension of said murderer" of Hale.

At this same meeting, $500 was appropriated by the members of the County Council for expenditure in 1906 "for the purpose of apprehending and bringing to justice persons guilty of the crime of murder within the county of Porter." These county appropriations were made in response to capital crimes that had recently taken place and had resulted in depleting the county treasury, most notably for the two trials of Franklin Truman Beam for the murder of Martha J. Lawrence.

During mid-October 1905, Sheriff Green had traveled to Montreal, Canada, and then onto Maine in search of Govinne. By the end of the month, the sheriff had returned to Porter County empty-handed, but had left information in various locations with authorities should Govinne later appear there. Also by the end of the month twenty-five witnesses from Wheeler and Valparaiso had been subpoenaed to testify in front of grand jury about their knowledge of the Hale murder; James R. Lewis served as the grand jury foreman.

Photograph of Paul Govine/Govinne.
Source: The Chesterton Tribune, November 23, 1905.

Despite the identification Paul Govinne as a suspect in the murder of Wayne Hale, his whereabouts were unknown and several searches to locate him proved fruitless. Within two months of the murder investigators were becoming increasingly suspicious of the tale of the midnight meeting as told by Hale's wife, Jessie. Jessie's story began to unravel when it was learned that she had supposedly planned to leave her husband and elope with Govinne at Chicago.

Apparently, Porter County Sheriff Lewis M. Green perceived Jessie Hale as being a flight risk and jailed her at the sheriff's residence in downtown Valparaiso adjacent to the jail. Jessie's detention was unlawful, however, since no indictment of charges, petitions, or warrants had ever been filed against her. Her attorney, Daniel E. Kelly, filed a petition on Jessie's behalf for a writ of habeous corpus. The October 19, 1905, issue of The Chesterton Tribune provides a synopsis:
Mrs. Hale, Tired of Jail Life Leaves Sheriff's Residence and goes to the Home of her Sister.
Objection by the Sheriff Brings the Matter Into the Court to be Heard Friday.

Mrs. Hale, widow of the victim of the Wheeler murder mystery, has become tired of being the guest of Sheriff Green, and last Monday packed up her belongings and went to the home of her sister, Mrs. John Ferguson, on West Jefferson street. At 4 o'clock the same afternoon Sheriff Green brought her back to jail. Shortly after this Attorney Kelly, representing Mrs. Hale, filed a petition for a writ of habeous corpus in the circuit court. The petition states that no affidavit or information has been filed against Mrs. Hale; that no indictment charging her with any offense has been returned against her; that no warrant has been issued to the Sheriff, and that no charge has been preferred [sic, proffered] against her from the 29th of August, when she first went to the sheriff's residence, to the present date. Her detention is alleged to be illegal, and the court is prayed to so declare it. Judge McMahan immediately took the matter up, and ordered that Mrs. Hale be brought into court Friday afternoon at 1 o'clock, at which time the arguments will be heard and the question of her release determined. The Grand Jury was then called together, and went into session Wednesday. It is supposed that the evidence collected by the officers will be laid before this body, and that they will decide virtually what course the sheriff is to pursue. Mrs. Hale has made some very damaging admissions since the murder, even admitting that she and Govinne, the supposed murderer of her husband had planned to elope, and go to Chicago where no one would ever find them.
Given several newspaper accounts of the investigation, there is an appearance that time was working against the criminal justice system as it pertained to ensuring that Jessie Hale would be detained and not released to disappear like Paul Govinne. A race to indict was the outcome.

Jessie Hale was indicted by a grand jury as an accessory to the murder of her husband on October 27, 1905. The prosecutor had to assemble the grand jury and seek indictment quickly since Jessie had been held for some time by the sheriff with no charges being made. Later that day the court granted Jessie's petition for bail and she would give the sum of $1,000 and be released. It was still very much believed at the time of Jessie's indictment that an "Italian of education employed for some unknown reason as a laborer on railroad construction" near Wheeler was responsible for Wayne Hale's murder.

The basis for Jessie's indictment was that she was aware of the attempt that was going to be made to assassinate her husband and that she had planned the midnight visitation that would lure Hale out of their home. It was alleged that Jessie awaited the return of the murderer to her home and passed the remainder of the night with him knowing that her husband was now dead. The motivation for the murder was to collect on Wayne's life insurance policy, after which the murderer and Jessie would flee the country.

A remarkable twist in the Wayne Hale murder case took place in the latter half of November 1905, as the November 23 issue of The Chesterton Tribune relates:
New Arrests Made in Valpo Murder Case in Chicago.

The finding of a suit of bloody clothing buried in a suit box under a grapevine a few days ago may result in the Hale murder mystery being unraveled at last.

In that discarded suit was found a memorandum book in which was written the name of a certain Chicago man. The writer of that name is now under surveillance in Chicago. He was arrested there Wednesday. He admits that the signature is his and says that he lost the book and that he knows by whom it was found. The owner of the book is not an Italian, but lives in the Italian district. He claims to know who murdered Hale. He says there were three implicated and that two of them were hired.

Sheriff Green, Prosecutor Parks, Attorney Kelly and Mrs. Hale went to Chicago Friday and saw the fellow. He was put through the "sweatbox" by Lieutenant Rohan.

Some important developments may be looked for in the next forty-eight hours, one of them being the arrest of the man who lured Hale away from his home on the night of the tragedy.
Considerable research has failed to identify the Chicago man who supposedly lured Wayne Hale from his home. During questioning the man implicated three other men in the murder of Wayne Hale, two of whom were hired to actually carry out the crime. Despite this information, Porter County law enforcement officials and the prosecutor were unable to piece together enough evidence to result in any arrests and the investigation continued into 1906.

Jessie would next appear in court on December 30, 1905, when Circuit Court Judge Willis C. McMahon granted Jessie's motion for a speedy trial. The charge against Jessie was flimsy and perhaps based solely on coincidence, speculation, and hearsay evidence. Regardless, the criminal justice system had ensnared Jessie to such a degree that the likelihood of her possible flight from justice was dramatically reduced.

The murder investigation and search for Paul Govinne appears to have languished. In a terse news item published in The Chesterton Tribune on March 22, 1906, it is mentioned that "It is feared that the murderer [of Wayne Hale] will never be apprehended."

From April 12, 1906, issue of The Chesterton Tribune we learn that the Wayne Hale murder case had essentially run cold and that the charge against Jessie Hale as an accessory were dropped:
She Will not Have to Stand Trial on the Charge of Murder on Account of Lack of Evidence.
The case of Mrs. Wayne Hale, charged with being an accomplice in the murder of her husband, was dismissed in the Porter circuit court last Friday on the ground that there was not sufficient evidence to convict her.

On August 29, 1905, Wayne Hale was lured from his home near the Wheeler bridge by a stranger and foully murdered, his body being found by men going to work the following morning. Paul Govine, an Italian who had been boarding at the Hale home and who had quarrelled [sic] with Hale was suspected of the crime, and although the officers have been on the lookout for him ever since no trace of him has been found.

The case was taken up by the grand jury a few days after the crime and Mrs. Hale was arrested after an indictment had been returned against her by that body. After being confined in the jail for a short time she was released on bond.

The officers are still on the watch for Govinne and hope some day to be able to land their man.
Certificate of Death for Willie Wayne Hale.
Source: Indiana State Board of Health.

The officers were never "able to land their man." Paul Govinne was never apprehended and no individual was ever charged and convicted for the murder of Wayne Hale. The case remains unsolved. Another unsolved Porter County murder, that of Josephine Desiderio, took place in Westchester Township in 1925. In the Desiderio case, genealogical research resulted in locating her alleged murderer who had fled to Massachusetts; this individual would die in California in 1979, however, evading justice.  Extensive genealogical research carried out to uncover the whereabouts of Paul Govinne after 1905 have been unsuccessful. Govinne may have changed his name and/or fled the country.

It should be noted that several other incidents were taking place in the Hale household around the time of Wayne's murder. For instance, Wayne Hale's son Manning "Mannie" Hale passed away due to typhoid fever on October 7, 1905, about five weeks after his father's death. Manning was buried in Valparaiso's Maplewood Cemetery. At the time of his death Mannie was living in the John Mills household at Valparaiso, likely because his mother was being unlawfully detained at the Sheriff's home in Valparaiso. Interestingly, no newspaper announcement concerning Manning's death could be found.

Jessie Hale had apparently given birth to her daughter, also named Jessie, about one or two months prior to Wayne's murder. A death certificate for this child indicates that she died on January 13, 1907, at the age of one year and five months. Infant Jessie was buried at Maplewood Cemetery in Valparaiso on January 15, 1907. Given that a birth and death of Wayne Hale's children occurred very near the time of his death, it is rather remarkable that neither child is mentioned in newspaper accounts of his murder.

Less than two years after her release from custody, on January 1, 1908, Jessie Hale married William Golden at Valparaiso. The Goldens resided in Porter County's Washington Township in a home situated along Indiana State Road 2.

The following announcement of the union of Jessie and William appeared in the January 9, 1908, issue of The Chesterton Tribune, along with mention of Wayne Hale's murder:
Mrs. Jessie Hale, widow of Wayne Hale who was murdered west of Valparaiso several years ago, was married to Will Golden in the county seat last week. It will be recalled that Hale was called from his home one night and brutally beaten and stabbed. An Italian, who had been residing at the Hale residence, was suspicioned as the murderer, but all efforts to locate him failed.
Jessie passed away at her home in Washington Township as a result of a heart attack on August 30, 1937, and was interred in Maplewood Cemetery in Valparaiso. No mention of her marriage to Wayne Hale is made in her published obituary. Given the totality of information concerning this crime, one has to wonder what secrets concerning Wayne's murder she took to her grave, if any. She may have simply been a scapegoat for investigators who were frustrated with the fact that they could not located Paul Govinne.

Obituary for Jessie Margaret (Kelley) Hale Golden.
Source: The Vidette-Messenger, August 31, 1937.

Ironically, during the late evening of October 29, 1907, two men were accosted and robbed, one man being shot, at nearly the same location where Wayne Hale's remains were found. The October 31, 1907, issue of The Chesterton Tribune reported:
Tuesday night about 11 o'clock, Edward Zimmerman, a farm hand employed on the Robert Field farm near Wheeler, and Fred Warkentine, of Knox, who is employed on the Teech gravel road contract, were held up by an unknown man. The former in making an attempt to escape was shot, the bullet striking in the right arm just below the elbow, breaking a bone. Warkentine complied with the latter's request. The young men were returning home from Wheeler, where they had spent the evening. This side of Wheeler, within a stone's throw of the place where Wayne Hale was foully murdered they were halted by a stranger, who had evidently followed them from Wheeler, with a request for a match. Both started to comply with his request when he brought two guns in view with orders to put up their hands. Zimmerman started to run and was shot before he got twenty feet away. The robber after going through Warkentine and securing $2.50 in cash took to his heels and is still at large, though local officials are scouring that part of the county. Zimmerman was brought here this morning and had his wounds dressed.
Like the murderer of Wayne Hale, the assailant in this robbery was never brought to justice.

Source Material

The Lewis Publishing Company. 1912. History of Porter County, Indiana: A Narrative Account of its Historical Progress, its People and its Principal Interests. Volume I. Chicago, Illinois: The Lewis Publishing Company. 357 p. [see p. 342] 

Newspapers (listed by date of publication)
The Chesterton Tribune, Chesterton, Porter County, Indiana; August 31, 1905; Volume 22, Number 22, Page 1, Column 6. Column titled "A Horrible Murder."

The Chesterton Tribune, Chesterton, Porter County, Indiana; September 7, 1905; Volume 22, Number 23, Page 1, Columns 4-5. Column titled "Ludolph Crossing Murder."

The Chesterton Tribune, Chesterton, Porter County, Indiana; September 14, 1905; Volume 22, Number 24, Page 1, Columns 3-4. Column titled "The Levy is Made."

The Chesterton Tribune, Chesterton, Porter County, Indiana; September 21, 1905; Volume 22, Number 25, Page 4, Column 1.

The Chesterton Tribune, Chesterton, Porter County, Indiana; October 12, 1905; Volume 22, Number 28, Page 4, Column 5. Column titled "Chesterton Items."

The Chesterton Tribune, Chesterton, Porter County, Indiana; October 19, 1905; Volume 22, Number 29, Page 1, Column 4. Column titled "Wants Her Release."

The Muncie Sunday Star, Muncie, Delaware County, Indiana; October 22, 1905; Volume 27, Number 126, Magazine Section, Page 5. Column titled "Vendetta's Vengeance in This Man's Murder."

The Chesterton Tribune, Chesterton, Porter County, Indiana; October 26, 1905; Volume 22, Number 30, Page 4, Column 3. Column titled "Chesterton Items.

The Chesterton Tribune, Chesterton, Porter County, Indiana; October 26, 1905; Volume 22, Number 30, Page 4, Column 4. Column titled "Chesterton Items."

Indianapolis Morning Star, Indianapolis, Marion County, Indiana; October 28, 1906; Volume 3, Number 145, Page 9, Column 5. Column titled Mrs. Wayne Hale Indicted. Charged With Being Accessory to Murder of Her Husband."

The Chesterton Tribune, Chesterton, Porter County, Indiana; November 2, 1905; Volume 22, Number 31, Page 5, Column 5. Column titled "Local News of the Week."

The Chesterton Tribune, Chesterton, Porter County, Indiana; November 16, 1905; Volume 22, Number 33, Page 4, Column 1.

The Chesterton Tribune, Chesterton, Porter County, Indiana; November 23, 1905; Volume 22, Number 34, Page 1, Column 6. "Mystery May Be Solved."

The Fort Wayne Sentinel, Fort Wayne, Allen County, Indiana; December 30, 1905; Volume 67, Number 131, Page 2, Column 3. Column titled "Wife Charged With Murder. Mrs. Wayne Hale Demands, and is Granted an Early Trial."

The Chesterton Tribune, Chesterton, Porter County, Indiana; March 22, 1906; Volume 22, Number 51, Page 5, Column 5. "Local News of the Week."

Indianapolis Sunday Star, Indianapolis, Marion County, Indiana; April 8, 1906; Volume 3, Number 307, Page 16, Column 4. Column titled "Mrs. Hale Released."

The Chesterton Tribune, Chesterton, Porter County, Indiana; April 12, 1906; Volume 23, Number 2, Page 1, Column 3. "Mrs. Hale's Case Is Dismissed."

The Chesterton Tribune, Chesterton, Porter County, Indiana; October 31, 1907; Volume 24, Number 31, Page 4, Column 4. "Valparaiso."

The Chesterton Tribune, Chesterton, Porter County, Indiana; January 9, 1908; Volume 24, Number 41, Page 5, Column 4. "Local News of the Week."

The Vidette-Messenger, Valparaiso, Porter County, Indiana; August 31, 1937; Volume 11, Page 2, Column 6. Column titled "Mrs. W. Golden Stricken With Heart Attack."

© 2019 Steven R. Shook. All Rights Reserved.

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